Inheriting New England's strongest traditions, Abigail Smith was born in 1744 at Weymouth, Massachusetts. Like other women of the time, Abigail lacked formal education; but her curiosity spurred her keen intelligence, and she read avidly the books at hand. Reading created a bond between her and young John Adams, Harvard graduate launched on a career in law, and they were married in 1764. It was a marriage of the mind and of the heart, enduring for more than half a century, enriched by time. Her letters - pungent, witty, and vivid, spelled just as she spoke - detail her life in times of revolution. They tell the story of the woman who stayed at home to struggle with wartime shortages and inflation; to run the farm with a minimum of help; to teach four children when formal education was interrupted. Most of all, they tell of her loneliness without her "dearest Friend." The "one single expression," she said, "dwelt upon my mind and played about my Heart...." She learned to entertain while accompanying her husband to a diplomatic post in France, which served her well when her husband became President of the U.S.
The Greek goddess of wisdom, strategy, crafts, war, skills, industry, and justice, is attended by an owl, wore a goatskin breastplate called the Aegis given to her by her father and is accompanied by the goddess of victory, Nike. Athena is also a goddess associated with mentoring heroes. Athena is an armed warrior goddess, never a child, always a virgin (parthenos); she is said to have found the advances of men to be childish. The Parthenon at Athens, Greece is her most famous shrine. She never had a consort or lover, although once Hephaestus tried and failed.
According to legend, Saint Barbara was the extremely beautiful daughter of a wealthy heathen named Dioscorus, who lived in Asia Minor. Because he was afraid she would be demanded in marriage and taken away from him, he shut her up in a tower. Before he went on a journey, he commissioned a bathhouse to be built for her. While he was away, she became a Christian. She had the bathhouse redesigned, adding another window so that the three windows might symbolize the Holy Trinity. When her father returned, he was enraged at the changes and mad that Barbara had become a Christian. He dragged her before the perfect of the province, who decreed that she be tortured and put to death by beheading. Her father himself carried out the death sentence. On his way home he was struck by lightening and his body consumed. Saint Barbara lived and died about the year 300 A.D. She was venerated as early as the seventh century. The legend of the lightning bolt which struck down her persecutor caused her to be regarded as the patron saint in time of danger from thunderstorms, fires and sudden death. Saint Barbara is usually represented standing by a tower with three windows, carrying the palm of a martyr in her hand. Often, too, she holds a chalice and a sacramental wafer and sometimes cannon are displayed near her. The feast of Saint Barbara falls on December 4th.
Cassiopeia comes from Greek mythology. She was known as the sole daughter of the sea. Her incredible beauty caused all kinds of trouble. It put her daughter at risk and nearly cost her life. In return for promising Aphrodite the secret of her beauty creams, Aphrodite saved her and they became best friends. Cassiopeia obtained her reign on Olympus and many gods and men courted her. With her youth and beautiful appearance full of joy and accessories that represented her vanity, she was always covered with a sacred palm leaf that hid her surprising powers.
Catherine the Great
She reigned as Empress of Russia from June 28, 1762 until her death. Sometimes referred to as an "enlightened despot" and famed for her extravagant personal life, Catherine conducted Westernizing reforms of the imperial administration and extended the borders of the Russian Empire southward and westward.
All told, she added some 200,000 miles² (518,000 km²) to Russian territory, and she further shaped the Russian destiny to a greater extent than almost anyone before or since, with the possible exceptions of Lenin, Stalin, and Peter the Great.
We all know this story of the motherless girl abused by her stepmother and two ugly stepsisters. Made to sleep in the large fireplace, she got covered in cinders, thus her name. The Prince of the land invited all maidens to a ball, but the stepsisters did not allow Cinderella to go. Luckily, a fairy godmother appeared and turned a pumpkin into a coach, mice into horses, a rat into a coachman and lizards into footmen. She then turned Cinderella’s rags into a beautiful gown complete with delicate glass slippers. The only condition was to return before midnight or the spell would be broken. The Prince was completely taken by Cinderella and stayed with her until the stroke of midnight, when she realized she must leave. In her haste, she lost one of her glass slippers. The next day, the Prince set out to find Cinderella, and tried her slipper on all the maidens in the land. When he got to her house, the stepsisters tried in vain to put on the slipper. Cinderella begged to try too, and of course the slipper fit. Cinderella married the Prince.
(January 69 BC – August 12, 30 BC) was queen of ancient Egypt, the last member of the Ptolemaic dynasty and the last ruler of Egypt. Cleopatra survived a coup engineered by her brother's courtiers, consummated a liaison with Julius Caesar that solidified her grip on the throne, and, after Caesar's assassination, aligned with Mark Antony, with whom she produced twins. She later married Mark Antony and gave birth to another son. In all, Cleopatra had 4 children, 3 by Antony and 1 by Caesar.
After Antony's rival and Caesar's legal heir, Octavian, brought the might of Rome against Egypt, Cleopatra took her own life on August 12, 30 BC.
Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel (August 19, 1883 – January 10, 1971) was a pioneering French couturier whose modernist philosophy, menswear-inspired fashions, and pursuit of expensive simplicity made her arguably the most important figure in the history of 20th-century fashion design. Two of her most famous creations are Chanel No. 5 perfume, launched in 1923, and the influential Chanel suit, an elegant suit comprised of a knee-length skirt and trim, boxy jacket, traditionally made of woven wool with black trim and gold buttons and worn with large costume-pearl necklaces. She also popularized the little black dress, whose blank-slate versatility allowed it to be worn for day and evening, depending on how it was accessorized. Coco is a nickname acquired during her youth when she sang cabaret songs.
Beautiful Daisy Mae Scragg was hopelessly in love with Li'l Abner through the entire course of the 43 year run of Al Capp's comic strip. During most of it Abner took Daisy for granted and exhibited little romantic interest in her voluptuous charms. In 1952 Abner reluctantly proposed to Daisy Mae to emulate the wedding of his comic strip ideel, Fearless Fosdick. Fosdick's wedding turned out to be fake, but Abner and Daisy's was real. Once married, Abner became relatively domesticated and the two produced their only child, Honest Abe, in 1953. Like Abner's Mammy Yokum and other wimmenfolk in Dogpatch, Daisy Mae did all the work while the menfolk generally did nothing whatsoever. Despite this near slavish role, Daisy Mae seldom complained, one of her countless virtues. Her blood family, on the other hand, was as evil as could be. Wild plot twists often took Daisy Mae to exotic locales and she was frequently wooed by rich and handsome men, but she always returned to Dogpatch and her true, if worthless, love.
In the Bible, she was prophetess and judge of Israel, the only woman to hold that office. Under her guidance Barak conquered Sisera and delivered Israel from the oppression of the Canaanite King Jabin. The triumphant "Song of Deborah" is one of the most ancient literary pieces in the Bible, perhaps composed in the 12th century B.C.
Little is known about Deborah's personal life. She was apparently married to a man named Lapidoth (meaning "torches"), but this name does not exist outside of the Book of Judges and might simply mean that Deborah herself was a "fiery" spirit. She was a poet and she rendered her judgments beneath a palm tree between Ramah and Bethel in the land of Benjamin. Some people refer to her as the mother of Israel. After her victory over Sisera and the Canaanite army, there was peace in the land for forty years. (Deborah’s fiery spirit has sometimes shown up in me. Debbie)
Diana, Goddess of the Hunt
In Roman mythology, Diana was the virgin goddess of the hunt, the equivalent of the Greek goddess Artemis. Diana was the perpetually virginal huntress goddess, associated with wild animals and woodlands. She also later became a moon goddess, supplanting Luna, and was an emblem of chastity. Oak groves were especially sacred to her. She was praised for her strength, athletic grace, beauty and hunting skill. Diana is usually depicted with a deer. This is because Diana was the patroness of hunting, and also because she is said to have transformed a man she found spying on her while taking a bath into a deer when he tried to flee her.
Diana is a goddess of childbirth and of all things untamed. She is the patroness of the common people.
Eleanor of Aquitaine
(1122 – March 31, 1204) was one of the wealthiest and most powerful women in Europe during the High Middle Ages. She was Queen consort of both France and England in turn. She was highly educated for a woman of the time: she knew how to read, speak Latin, and was well versed in music and literature. She also enjoyed riding, hawking, and hunting. She was regarded as a very beautiful woman during her time; most likely she was blonde and blue-eyed as that was the standard of beauty of the day. First she married Louis VI of France, but had that married annulled. Then she married Henry, Count of Anjou, who became Henry II of England. Over the next 13 years, she bore Henry five sons and three daughters: William, Henry, Richard, Geoffrey, John, Matilda, Eleanor, and Joan. Henry had Archbishop Thomas Becket murdered. She was imprisoned for 15 years, for inciting two of their children to rise up against Henry. She ruled England in Richard's name, as regent while Richard went off on the Third Crusade.
(7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland. Sometimes referred to as The Virgin Queen (since she never married), Gloriana, Good Queen Bess and the Faere Queene, Elizabeth I was the fifth and final monarch of the Tudor dynasty, having succeeded her half-sister, Mary I. She reigned during a period of great religious turmoil in English history.
Elizabeth's reign is referred to as the Elizabethan era or the Golden Age and was marked by increases in English power and influence worldwide. She granted Royal Charters to several famous organizations, including Trinity College, Dublin (1592) and the British East India Company (1600). Virginia, an English colony in North America, was named after Elizabeth I, the "Virgin Queen".
Born to a comfortable family, Florence Nightingale was educated at home. She chose to work in nursing, which was then not a respectable profession for women. She went to Prussia to experience a German training program for girls who would serve as nurses.
When the Crimean War began, reports came back to England about terrible conditions for wounded and sick soldiers. Florence volunteered to go to Turkey, and took 38 women nurses to the warfront. She established more sanitary conditions and ordered supplies. She visited the wards, and sent letters back home from injured and ill soldiers. Her rule that she be the only woman in the wards at night earned her the title "The Lady with the Lamp." The mortality rate at the military hospital fell from 60% at her arrival to 2% six months later. After the war, she continued to work to improve heath conditions for the army and in India.
In 1860 she founded the Nightingale School and Home for Nurses in London, England, using funds contributed by the public to honor her work in the Crimea. In 1861, she helped inspire the Liverpool system of district nursing, which later spread widely. The King awarded her the Order of Merit in 1907, making Florence the first woman to receive that honor. She declined the offer of a national funeral and of burial at Westminster Abbey, requesting that her grave be marked simply.
Best known as the woman who rode through town naked on a horse, Lady Godiva was married to Leofric, the Earl of Mercia, in what is now the United Kingdom. Around the time of 1057, she and Leofric got in a dispute over the taxes he had levied on the growing city of Coventry, and he challenged her to ride naked through the marketplace, promising to ease the tax burden if she did so. Lady Godiva took the challenge, clad only in her long tresses, and became a local legend. At least, that's how the story goes, a story that began to circulate a century after her death. In the 17th century, the detail was added that Lady Godiva had instructed the townsfolk to stay indoors during her ride, but that a man named Tom peeked at her anyway, hence the term "peeping tom."
Pirate Queen of Ireland. Her proper name in Irish was Gráinne Ní Mháille (c. 1530 to 1603) It is highly probable that she was fostered on Clare Island, which belonged to her family, and it was doubtless here, she acquired her passionate love of the sea, as well as the unmatched skill and courage that made her at both the idol of her clansmen and the greatest captain in the western seas. This wonderful, yet arduous life on the sea, gave her great physical strength and vigor. Of course, times being what they were, Grace must get a husband, and so a fitting husband for this proud warrior-Queen of the sea was found in Donall an Chogaidh O'Flaherty, of Bunowan, in the barony of Ballynahinch. This alliance united in the closest bonds of friendship and marriage, the two ruling families of Murrisk and Ballynahinch, More importantly than that, it made the united tribes chief rulers of the western seas, so that when Grace and her more than 200 men sailed from her island home, with the sea-horse of the O'Malley and the lions of the O'Flaherty floating proudly fore and aft from the mast-heads of her galleys, the young sea-queen must indeed have been extremely proud, for virtually all she saw in every direction was hers.
Helen of Troy
Perhaps one of the most well known tales of ancient Greek mythology is that of Helen of Troy. Many believe that her spellbinding beauty played a key role in one of the most famous battles of all time – the Trojan War. She symbolizes the Greeks’ view that attractiveness is a strong force which can bring with it the power to corrupt someone’s actions. Due to her beauty, Helen could easily marry into royalty, and thus wed Menelaus, King of Sparta. She aided him in ruling his kingdom.
Under the spell of the goddess of love and beauty, Aphrodite, Helen agreed to desert her husband and elope with Paris, a Trojan prince. Thus, King Menelaus sent hundreds of his Greek soldiers into battle with Paris, in the Trojan War. Helen, the prime cause of the war, became known as "the face that launched a thousand ships". After the Trojan War, Helen returned to live in Sparta as Menelaus’ queen.
Isabella of Spain
Isabella of Castile (April 22, 1451 – November 26, 1504) She ruled Spain with her husband Ferdinand. They were responsible for the Spanish Inquisition.
1492 was an important year for Isabella, seeing the conquest of Granada, her successful patronage of Christopher Columbus, and her expulsion of the Jews and Muslims.
Isabella had five children with Ferdinand, the most famous of which was Catherine of Aragon, who married Henry VIII, King of England.
Isadora Duncan is known as the “mother of modern dance.” She revolutionized dance at the turn of the 20th Century, taking the three “Bs” of dance at that time – Ballet, Ballroom and Burlesque – and creating an entirely new, more expressive dance form on a higher plane of artistic integrity and acceptance. She grew up in an artistic family, where she was free to express herself. Isadora Duncan revolutionized dance in several ways. First, she danced to the music of the great masters – Beethoven, Mozart, Chopin, Schubert, Brahms, Scriabin and Wagner – music that was considered “above” dance. But in doing so, Isadora elevated dance to a level of artistic appreciation it had not received since the days of the ancient Greeks. Isadora also danced about the human condition, politics, and more abstract themes than the mimed storylines prevalent in ballets of the day. Isadora hoped to inspire an entire generation of free-thinking, intelligent, living children through dance and learning. At her school, dancing was integrated with all types of learning, and education was joyful. Her students were taken from the poor classes and given free room, board and lessons.
Isis is a goddess in the Egyptian belief. She was worshipped as the archetypal wife and mother. Her origins are uncertain but are believed to come from the Nile Delta. First mentions of Isis date back to the 5th dynasty, but her cult became prominent late in Egyptian history, when it began to absorb the cults of many other goddesses. It eventually spread outside Egypt throughout the Middle East and Europe, with temples to her built as far away as the British Isles. Pockets of her worship remained in Christian Europe as late as the 6th century.
Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis
She was born Jacqueline Lee Bouvier, dubbed "the Debutante of the Year" for the 1947-1948 season. As a Vassar student she traveled extensively. In Washington she took a job as "inquiring photographer" for a local newspaper. Her path soon crossed that of Senator Kennedy. Their wedding at Newport in 1953 attracted nationwide publicity.
With marriage Jackie had to adapt herself to the new role of wife to one of the country's most energetic political figures. Her own public appearances were highly successful, but limited in number. After the sadness of a miscarriage and the stillbirth of a daughter, Caroline Bouvier was born in 1957; John Jr. was born between the election of 1960 and Inauguration Day. Patrick Bouvier, born prematurely on August 7, 1963, died two days later.
To the role of First Lady, Jacqueline Kennedy brought beauty, intelligence, and cultivated taste. Her interest in the arts inspired a new attention to culture. She devoted much time and study to making the White House a museum of American history and decorative arts as well as a family residence of elegance and charm. But she defined her major role as "to take care of the President" and added that "if you bungle raising your children, I don't think whatever else you do well matters very much."
Jackie’s courage after her husband's assassination won her the admiration of the world. Thereafter the public would never allow her the privacy she desired for herself and her children. She moved to New York City; and in 1968 she married the wealthy Greek businessman, Aristotle Onassis, 23 years her senior, who died in March 1975. From 1978 until her death in 1994, Jackie worked in New York City as an editor for Doubleday. At her funeral her son described three of her attributes: "love of words, the bonds of home and family, and her spirit of adventure."
One of the most celebrated opera performers of the nineteenth century, Swedish-born Jenny Lind (1820 - 1887) dazzled European and American audiences with her radiant soprano voice and with an image that emphasized wholesomeness and purity. As the daughter of a single mother and a father who was a tavern musician, Jenny spent a lonely childhood, often singing to herself or a pet cat. One day when she was nine, an attendant to a Stockholm ballet dancer heard Lind singing through a window and rushed to ask her mistress to come and listen. The dancer in turn brought Lind to the director of Sweden's Royal Opera, who reacted incredulously when he was told Lind's age, but was equally surprised when he heard her sing. Lind was enrolled in the opera's training program, and even early in her years of singing lessons she showed a natural aptitude for being on stage - even if she suffered from what would develop into lifelong stage fright. She moved on to learn German and English and performed across Europe. While in Denmark she had a romance with Hans Christian Anderson, which was later turned into a modern opera by Elvis Costello. One of the first “superstars”, people fainted at her concerts. She earned over $3 million for her United States tour (in 1850’s ! )and had her face and name on many promotional items
Josephine of France
Josephine Beauharnais (1763-1814) Empress of France. Life was a roller coaster ride for the beautiful Josephine. Born in the West Indies on Martinique as Marie-Rose de Tascher de la Pagerie, she was raised on a slave plantation and had a brief marriage. A socialite without equal, Josephine was mistress to several leading political figures and left a young General Napoleon Bonaparte completely smitten on their first meeting. Napoleon nicknamed Rose "Josephine" and her sexual experience fired the general's passions. They married in 1796 and while Bonaparte was a fine stepfather, Josephine had regular dalliances with other men. Her affairs almost led to divorce; however, a furious Bonaparte decided to ignore her indiscretions since a stable marriage was necessary for his political ambitions. Eventually - despite his love for her - his need for children as successors to the crown saw him divorce her in 1809. She died in 1814, a woman much loved by the people. Bonaparte never got over having to divorce her and his last words were: "France, the army, Josephine."
Laura Ingalls Wilder
(1867-1957) – The Little House on the Prairie books were Laura’s stories about her family and homesteading. She told the story in nine books. Laura Ingalls was born in Wisconsin in 1867. The Ingalls family followed the promise of free land in Kansas. This story is told in Little House on the Prairie. Then the family took a farm in Minnesota. On the Banks of Plum Creek tells this tale. Then when Laura was twelve they moved to De Smet. By the Shores of Silver Lake tells the story of their move and of the building of De Smet. The Long Winter is an account of the hard winter of 1880-1881. Little Town on the Prairie talks about the early days of De Smet. In the book, Laura Ingalls began teaching school when she was fifteen. She taught in one-room schools near De Smet. At the same time, Almanzo Wilder began courting her. She told this story in These Happy Golden Years. Laura Ingalls and Almanzo Wilder married and farmed together. They had a baby girl. This story is told in The First Four Years. They had many hardships. Crops failed. Their only son died. A fire burned down their home. Diphtheria left Almanzo partly paralyzed. In 1894, the Wilders left South Dakota. They moved to Missouri where they had better luck farming. Later Laura’s daughter asked her to write about her early life. Laura Ingalls Wilder’s first book came out when she was sixty-five years old. It was called Little House in the Big Woods. It was about her life in Wisconsin. The other books came later. Wilder won awards for her books, and many, many people read them. She lived to be ninety years old.
Margot of Anjou (Marguerite d'Anjou, March 23, 1429 – August 25, 1482) was the Queen consort of Henry VI of England from 1445 to 1471. Margot was born in the duchy of Lorraine, in France. Margot married King Henry VI, who was eight years her senior, on April 23, 1445. Henry was not a successful king. He had reigned since he was a few months old and his actions had been controlled by regents. When he married Margot, his mental condition was already unstable, and by the time their only son, Edward was born, on October 13, 1453, he had suffered a complete mental breakdown. Margot seems to have been quite mild-mannered until her husband was threatened with deposition. With the king captured, Margot managed to escape, put an army together, and after several battles, she managed to recapture her husband. However, they were eventually beaten and Edward IV, deposed King Henry and proclaimed himself king. She found support in France, and Henry was restored briefly to the throne towards the end of 1470. By the time Margot, her son and daughter-in-law were ready to go back to England, however, the returning Edward IV had won, and Margot was forced to lead her own army at the Battle of Tewkesbury in 1471, at which they were defeated and her son was killed. Over the previous ten years, she had gained a reputation for aggression and ruthlessness, but now she was a broken spirit, imprisoned until ransomed by the French king. She died on August 25, 1482, in Anjou, where she was buried.
Mary, Queen of Scots
Mary was one of the most fascinating and controversial monarchs of 16th century Europe. At one time, she claimed the crowns of four nations - Scotland, France, England and Ireland. Her physical beauty and kind heart were acknowledged even by her enemies. Yet she lacked the political skills to rule successfully in Scotland. Her second marriage was unpopular and ended in murder and scandal; her third was even less popular and ended in forced abdication in favor of her infant son. She fled to England in 1568, hoping for the help of her cousin, Elizabeth I. Her presence was dangerous for the English queen, who feared Catholic plotting on Mary's behalf. The two queens never met and Mary remained imprisoned for the next nineteen years. She was executed in 1587, only forty-four years old. By orders of the English government, all of her possessions were burned. In 1603, upon Elizabeth's death, Mary's son became king of England as James I.
Minerva is the goddess of arts, crafts, skill, and intelligence.
Minerva was a Roman goddess of crafts and wisdom. Minerva was the daughter of Jupiter and Metis. She was considered to be the virgin goddess of warriors, poetry, medicine, wisdom, commerce, crafts, and the inventor of music. As Minerva Medica, she was the goddess of medicine and doctors.
Adapting Greek myths about Athena, Romans said that Minerva was not born in the usual way, but rather sprang fully armed from the brain of her father; this image has captivated Western writers and artists through the ages.
Made famous by the 1960s musical, The Unsinkable Molly Brown, Margaret Tobin Brown was not known by the nickname "Molly" during her lifetime, but as Maggie in her younger years, and following the custom of her time, mostly as Mrs. J. J. Brown after her marriage. Molly Brown grew up in Hannibal, Missouri, and at 19 went to Leadville, Colorado, with her brother. She married James Joseph Brown, who worked in the local silver mines. While her husband advanced to superintendent in the mines, Molly Brown started soup kitchens in the mining community and became active in women's rights. Molly Brown was traveling in Egypt in 1912 when she received word that her grandson was ill. She booked passage on a ship to return home - the Titanic. Her heroism in assisting other survivors and getting people to safety was recognized after her return, including the French Legion of Honour in 1932. Molly Brown was head of the Titanic Survivors' Committee which supported immigrants who had lost everything in the disaster, and helped to get a memorial erected to the Titanic survivors in Washington, DC. She was not allowed to testify in Congressional hearings about the sinking of the Titanic, because she was a woman; in response to this slight she published her account in newspapers
Nefertiti was the Great Royal Wife (or chief consort/wife) of the Egyptian Pharaoh Amenhotep IV, and mother-in-law of the Pharaoh Tutankhamun. Her name roughly translates to "the beautiful (or perfect) woman has come". She was made famous by the statue of her head, which is one of the most copied works of ancient Egypt. She had many titles, at Karnak there are inscriptions that read Heiress, Great of Favour, Possessed of Charm, Exuding Happiness, Mistress of Sweetness, beloved one, soothing the king's heart in his house, soft-spoken in all, Mistress of Upper and Lower Egypt, Great King's Wife, whom he loves, Lady of the Two Lands, Nefertiti.
In Greek mythology, Persephone was the queen of the Underworld, or the young maiden, and the daughter of Demeter. Persephone ("she who destroys the light") is her name in the Ionic Greek of epic literature. In Greek art, Persephone is often portrayed robed, carrying a sheaf of grain, and smiling demurely with the "Archaic smile" of the Kore of Antenor.
The figure of Persephone is a well-known one today. Her story has great emotional power: an innocent maiden; a mother's grief at the abduction and the return of her daughter. It is also cited frequently as a paradigm of myths that explain natural processes, with the descent and return of the goddess bringing about the change of seasons.
But the Greeks knew another face of Persephone as well. She was also the terrible Queen of the dead, whose name was not safe to speak aloud, who was named simply "The Maiden". Her central myth was also the back-story of the secret initiatory mystery rites of regeneration at Eleusis, which promised immortality to their awe-struck participants—an immortality in her world beneath the soil, feasting with the heroes beneath her dread gaze.
Who better to name a feather arrangement after? Sally was famous for her suggestive dancing with large ostrich feather fans. She caused quite a sensation at the Chicago World’s Fair in 1933. She was interested in dance from an early age, and actually ran away to the circus as a teenager. She did do some theatre and silent films. She did attend university until the Depression hit, but had to find a way to earn a living and came up with the idea of the fan dance. As well as dancing she did more stage acting, and even had a TV talk show in 1954. She continued her fan dance well into her 60’s! Here are her thoughts on her career:
“I have been successful, and I am grateful for my success. I have had some experiences that I wish I never had had, but that would be true in any business. I cannot say sincerely that I would have chosen just this road to fortune. Perhaps I might have wished for another way. But I took the opportunity that came to me. Certainly I am an opportunist. I admit it. At any rate, I haven't been out of work since the day I took my pants off.”
Scheherazade is the fictional storyteller of The Book of One Thousand and One Nights.
The famous tale goes that every day the king would marry a new virgin, and every day he would send yesterday's wife to be beheaded. This was done in anger, having found out that his first wife was betraying him. A succession of three thousand virgins were put to death.
Against her father's protestations, Scheherazade volunteered to spend one night with the King. Once in the King's chambers, Scheherazade asked if she might bid one last farewell to her beloved sister Dunyazade, who had secretly been prepared to ask Scheherazade to tell a story during the long night. The King lay awake and listened with awe to Scheherazade's first story and asked for another, but Scheherazade said there wasn't time as dawn was breaking, and regretfully so, as the next story was even more exciting.
And so the King kept Scheherazade alive as he eagerly anticipated each new story, until, one thousand and one adventurous nights, and three sons later, the King had not only been entertained but wisely educated in morality and kindness by Scheherazade who became his Queen.
Sheena, Queen of the Jungle is a jungle-dwelling comic book character, published originally by Fiction House. Lithe, athletic, and clad in skimpy leopard skin, she possessed the ability to communicate with the wild animals she had grown up with since becoming orphaned in the jungle, eating a diet based on bananas, various fruits and nuts. This gave her the needed figure and strength to fight battles.
She was the first female comic-book character with her own title, with her Spring 1942 premiere beating Wonder Woman #1 (Summer 1942) by three months.
One of the most successful and glamorous stars of the 1910s -- is also the most inaccessible and mysterious today. She stood behind only Mary Pickford and Charles Chaplin in popularity, yet today it's nearly impossible to view her work. Of the more than 40 films she made from late 1914 through 1926, only three and a half remain. She started on Broadway, and in 1915 was cast in A Fool There Was. Theda became an instant, overnight star with the release of the film, and saved the fortunes of the fledgling Fox Studios. Theda fought for better roles, and she sometimes got them. Her personal favorites were as a heroic Foreign Legion girl in UnderTwo Flags and as an innocent Irish peasant girl in Kathleen Mavourneen. She also played the great heroines of history and literature, such as Cleopatra, Salome, Carmen, Juliet, Madame DuBarry and Marguerite Gautier. All in all, not a bad career. Dangling earrings, kohled eyes, languorous glances and the catch line "Kiss me, my fool!" entered the public consciousness because of Theda.
Empress Theodora (c. 500–548) was empress of the Byzantine Empire and the wife of Emperor Justinian I. Along with her husband, she is a saint in the Orthodox Church, commemorated on November 14. Theodora was born into the lowest class of Byzantine society, the daughter of a bear keeper for the circus. Theodora was a comic actress in burlesque theater, and her talents tended toward what we might call low physical comedy. She had admirers by the score.
In 523 Theodora married Justinian, a military leader. On his accession to the Roman Imperial throne in 527 as Justinian I, he made her joint ruler of the empire, and appears to have regarded her as an equal partner. This proved to be a wise decision. A strong-willed woman, she showed a notable talent for governance. She had a drive to give women the same legal rights as men, such as establishing homes for prostitutes, passing laws prohibiting forced prostitution, granting women more rights in divorce cases, allowing women to own and inherit property, and enacting the death penalty for rape, all of which raised women's status far above that current in the Western portion of the Empire.
Titania is a character in William Shakespeare's play A Midsummer Night's Dream. She is based on the queen of the fairies in medieval folklore. She is the wife of Oberon. In traditional folklore, the fairy queen has no name. Shakespeare took the name 'Titania' from Ovid’s Metamorphoses, where it is a name given to the daughters of Titans.
In the Shakespeare play, Titania is a very proud creature and as much of a force to contend with as her husband Oberon. The marital quarrel she and her husband are engaged in over which of them should have the keeping of a changeling page is the engine that drives the mix ups and confusion of the other characters in the play. Due to an enchantment cast by Oberon's henchman Puck, Titania magically falls in love with a rude mechanical that has been given the head of an ass.
She was a major Roman goddess principally associated with love and beauty, the rough equivalent of the Greek goddess Aphrodite. She was considered the ancestor of the Roman people by way of its legendary founder, Aeneas, and played a key role in many Roman religious festivals and mythologies. Venus' cult began in Italy. On August 18, 293 BC, her oldest-known temple was built, and August 18 became a festival. On April 23, 215 BC, a temple was built outside the Colline gate on the Capitol dedicated to Venus to commemorate the Roman defeat at the Battle of Lake Trasimene. Venus is the daughter of Jupiter, and some of her lovers include Mars and Vulcan, modeled on the affairs of Aphrodite. Venus' importance rose, and that of her cult, through the influence of several Roman political leaders. The dictator Sulla made her his patroness, and both Julius Caesar and the emperor Augustus named her the ancestor of their family. Ceasar introduced the cult of Venus Genetrix, the goddess of motherhood and marriage, and built a temple for her in 46 BCE. She was also honored in the temple of Mars Ultor. The last great temple of Venus was built by the emperor Hadrianus near the Colusseum in 135 CE.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837, and Empress of India from 1 January 1877, until her death. Her reign lasted more than sixty-three years, longer than that of any other British monarch. As well as being Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, she was also the first monarch to use the title Empress of India. The reign of Victoria was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire. The Victorian Era was at the height of the Industrial Revolution, a period of significant social, economic, and technological change in the United Kingdom. In that period the United Kingdom became the largest superpower the world had ever seen.